gastroenterologist – a doctor who is specially trained in the diagnosis of intestinal disorders

hydrocortisone – a corticosteroid drug which reduces inflammation

IBD – inflammatory bowel disease

inflammatory bowel syndrome (IBS) – sometimes confused with IBD as some symptoms are similar, such as diarrhoea and stomach cramps, however IBS does not cause inflammation or bleeding

ileostomy – a surgical operation in which the cut end of the ileum is brought through the abdominal wall to create an opening called a stoma; digestive waste is then collected in a bag, which is fitted over this opening and attached to the skin, it may be temporary or permanent

ileum – the lower part of the small intestine which connects to the colon

immunosuppressants – drugs that reduce inflammation over long periods of time

incontinence – unintentional passing or leakage of stools and / or urine

inflammation – the way the body responds to irritation, infection or other injury; blood collects in the affected areas causing swelling, reddening and pain

intravenously – meaning into a vein, sometimes shorted to IV

laparoscopy – a procedure in which a lighted instrument called a laparoscope is passed through a small cut in the abdominal wall to examine internal organs or to carry out surgery, often known as “key-hole surgery