stoma – a surgically constructed opening of the intestine onto the abdominal wall, over which a bag can be fitted and sealed to the skin

stools – faeces, poo

subtotal colectomy – removal of part of the colon or rectum

sutures – stitches

tenesmus – a constant urge to empty the bowel

ulcerative colitis (UC) – an IBD in which the inner lining of the colon and / or rectum becomes inflamed and ulcerated, potentially leading to rupture or the bowel

x-ray – an electromagnetic ray that passes through the body to produce pictures of the inside of the body; bones, muscles and organs all absorb different amounts of radiation so the pictures show different body parts in varying shades of light and dark